PhilosophyGlossary

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Philosophy Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations

  • causality: Causality is the principle that connects the values or changes of one or more process input states to values or changes in one or more process output states. In other words, cause and effect. In classical science, it was generally assumed that if one knew enough science, and all the input states to a process, then an exact and specific outcome could be predicted. In modern science, which includes quantum mechanics, causality is sometimes blurred in that the outcome can be a probability distribution of possible results rather than one specific result.
  • truth: Truth is that which is in accordance with actual reality. Within the scientific method this should be coherent reality. Subjective reality should not be used as a basis for truth within the scientific method, even though it is often used as a basis for truth outside the scientific method. In most cases, outside of quantum mechanics, coherent reality is practically the same as Objective Reality. However, within the scientific method, the absolute truth is never considered to be absolutely knowable because we are never absolutely sure of objective reality much less coherent reality. However, that which is most in accordance with accurate and reliable predictions is tentatively considered to be closer to absolute truth than that which is not.