Gertrude Stein

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Gertrude Stein. (1874 – 1946). American novelist, poet, playwright, and art collector.


  • Hosted a Paris gathering, where the leading figures of modernism in literature and art, such as Pablo Picasso, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Sinclair Lewis, Ezra Pound, Sherwood Anderson and Henri Matisse, would meet.
  • Wrote numerous novels and articles.


  • As a Jew living in Nazi-occupied France, Stein may have only been able to sustain her lifestyle as an art collector, and indeed to ensure her physical safety, through the protection of the powerful Vichy government official and Nazi collaborator Bernard Faÿ.
  • After WWII ended, Stein expressed admiration for another Nazi collaborator, Vichy leader Marshal Pétain.

See Also